Different shrubs serve different purposes and can be used for anything from a food source to purely decoration. 8 Types of Laurel Flowers (Care Guides & Photos), 8 Dwarf Shrubs For Small Gardens & Spaces, 7 Best Plants For Hedges (Pictures & Growing Information), Red Tip Photinia Plants - Our Best Tips to Grow and Care For Fraser's photinia. A. Tiny white flowers appear on this female holly bush in the spring, which will develop into bright red round berries in the fall if the blooms were pollinated by a male holly bush. Carolina Holly (Ilex ambigua) Carolina holly is one of the deciduous species of holly. They are commonly grown as ornamental plants given the bright red berries they produce that look stunning against the dark green leaves. These evergreen hollies are native to Puerto Rico, Caribbean on the Bahamas, Cuba, southeastern coast of North America and Virginia to Southeast Texas. The holly plant, with the shiny dark green leaves and prickly edges have been mentioned from pagan times when the Druids adorned themselves with holly as they entered the woods. The inconspicuous flower is greenish white, with four petals. Foliage is dark deep green, with a creamy white margin around the outer edges. A popular specimen holly is the Highclere (Ilex x altaclerensis), which reaches 20 to 30 feet in a handsome pyramid shape, is cold tolerant and has large red berries. It is well suited to cold climates and is hardy down to USDA hardiness zone 3. Also known as ‘meadow holly,’ this is a loosely branched tree that forms a wide, open, rounded shape. ; Hollies are dioecious; male plants produce pollen, and female plants produce berries. These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. Holly plants are big hedge bushes that create effective privacy screens that also add some security. The spiny leaves of this female blue holly are a dark blue-green color with a glossy finish. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. A male plant must grow within 30 to 40 feet of a female for good fruit production. It is a deciduous shrub with deep green, ovate leaves that have serrated edges. Compared to other hollies, the Common Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is not an evergreen variety. van Tol' and the large-berried 'Firecracker'. The leaves of this tree are quite glossy and oval in shape with fine-toothed margins. These leaves will transform into a purple-yellow color in fall, before turning entirely yellow and falling to the ground. Edible Shrubs. Carissa Dwarf Holly. The incredible holly tree has also been found to contain numerous medical benefits and previously, the leaves of this tree was used to cure smallpox and catarrh. It prefers full sun and well-drained, humus-rich and moderately fertile soils in order to grow to perfection. Also called by their scientific name “ilex opaca,” American Holly is native to south … They have about 100 different varieties, including several spectacular ones that are always high-yielding: variegated 'Golden King', dark-green 'J.C. The diverse holly family includes trees and shrubs that come in a variety of forms: columnar, pyramidal, rounded, or weeping. They are scientifically known as “ilex cassine” and are naturally found in swampy areas. They grow almost 6-15 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. This compact male holly shrub has an upright habit. All these unique and fascinating qualities of the holly tree eventually led the Druids to believe that the tree consisted of some magical and spiritual powers. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. Hedgehog holly can adapt to a partially shaded position, but variegated varieties like this do tend to perform better in full sun. Holly tree (llex ) is a member of the family of low-maintenance and evergreen plants, which can grow up from 12-inch bushes to 50 feet big trees. The berries are a food source for birds, but those which do not get eaten will persist through to winter, providing vibrant color to the winter garden. Hollies can also be planted individually as ornamental trees, accenting gardens and entryways. English holly is often crossed with Tsuru holly in order to produce the blue hollies or Meserve hollies (Ilex x meserveae). It has won the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society (Royal Horticultural Society). Coming from the Hawaiian Islands, Hawaiian Holly is typically found in wet forests and mixed mesic areas. Types of Holly Leaves. As an obvious addition, Nick has started growing mistletoe on the Bramley apple trees in their orchard. (EYE-leks) The Ilex genus contains more than 780 evergreen and 30 deciduous species of trees and shrubs native to North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. Other than the holy sentiments attached to the holly tree, the traditional holly (Ilex aquifolium) has always been admired for its bright red berries, and lush green foliage. These fast-growing privacy trees are often pruned as hedges, blocking out unwanted noise and intrusions. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 … Scientific Name: Ilex x rutzan ‘Red Beauty’. People can easily recognize this plant with its green leaves with bright red berries – but there is a lot of variety within the genus, too. In spring, an abundance of creamy green small flowers appears, which will develop into bright red berries on female trees. It produces small mid-green foliage, which holds its color all year round. This type of holly is best known as a drought-tolerant tree and is native to the southeastern United States. American holly is largely cultivated to be used as a broadleaf ornamental plant by most plant nurseries. It needs to be grown in acidic soil, as these plants grown in neutral or alkaline soils tend to struggle and die. This variety is often confused with the winterberry, but there are two main distinguishing traits between them. Ultimately, they began to associate the tree with fertility and eternal life. Common winterberry is described as a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub that is upright and spreading that grows to an average height of 6-10 inches but can grow even taller than that. Holly, or Ilex, is a plant genus made up of many hundreds of species. Types of Shrubs. A mix between a Chinese and English Holly, Nellie is admired for its glossy green foliage year-round and the radiant red berries that grow in the fall. Japanese holly grows in Japan, China and Korea, and is different in appearance to other hollies, because the leaves are much smaller – small enough that it is often called the box-leaf holly. Your email address will not be published. Nellie Stevens is a popular tree-form type in the American Southeast, though in most parts of the … It is typically found in peripheries of bogs and swamps, and can also be found in sandy wood areas. The compact form is rounded to create a dense mound. Find out how to grow holly trees in a container and growing condition holly Plant, Holly Plant Care etc. This plant has an architectural look, with an upright growth habit that forms a tall and slender column shape which does not need to be pruned. Their symbolism is one of the main reasons why they are used as such a major part of Christmas décor. This plant flowers abundantly in spring with tiny white flowers that can develop to shiny bright red berries when pollinated. Related: Types of Myrtle | Types of Firethorns | Types of Dogwood | Types of Grevillea. Holly leaves are generally thick and tough, regardless of species. The tree is densely branched and has a beautiful symmetry to it. This is an incredibly decorative type of holly, the winter branches of which are commonly used as decorating throughout the festive season. They tolerate hot temperatures but sustain winter damage in areas colder than USDA plant hardiness zone 6. Low maintenance and drought tolerant. It prefers moist soil, but it does have some tolerance against drought when established. This holly plant is native to the central and eastern United States, and has an upright habit which grows to take the shape of a tall pyramid. Japanese Holly (I. crenata) Japanese hollies are generally softer in texture than Chinese hollies. The right height for a low hedge or border, Carissa may also be grown as a container plant. The foliage of the plant has a leather-like texture, is dark green, and has moderately sharp spines. This hybrid was both attractive and hardy. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. The leaves sport a dark green color and their shape ranges from oval to elliptical. The name ‘Indian black drink’ in particular has resulted from the fact that the berries of this holly species were once used by Native Americans in one of their special ceremonial drinks. Chinese holly grows to an average height of 15 feet and prefers growing in part shade or full sun, along with well-drained and moisture-laden soil. This species of the holly family can also be found growing along the coastal plain that extends from North Carolina to Texas. They are dark green, with a glossy finish. It has dark green, ovate leaves with minor serrations around the edge. The red berries are taken to be the blood that Jesus once shed on the day he was crucified. 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