There are several differences between Daoism and Confucianism (Brine 7). The intellectual activities of the Song (Sung) dynasty (960-1279) gave rise to a new system of Confucian thought based on a mixture of Buddhist and Taoist elements; the new school of Confucianism was known as Neo-Confucianism. Add your answer and earn points. 1 decade ago. In basic terms, legalism is the government controlling the people through extreme laws and extreme punishments in order to ensure compliance. See answer taniatillman1 is waiting for your help. In religions such as, Islam and Judaism the importance of conducts and worship will lead you to paradise in the after as promised by Allah or Yahweh. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism | Sutori Buddhism was … We will write a custom Essay on Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. Jixu, Zhou. Taoism teaches that humans are capable of experiencing immortality. Answer: Confucianism teaches how to act toward others; Daoism teaches how to act toward oneself and nature. de is another fundamental concept in Chinese religions, meaning "virtue" or "potency". The idea of Confucianism is teaching a person to be able to have the power to make the most logical decisions on their own. Visit to temples to pay homage to Ti'en (while it can refer to God or Heaven, it traditionally refers to social power), Confucius, and ancestors; To practice ('Jing zuo, ') or 'Quiet Sitting', a neo-Confucian seeking of self-cultivation. Daoism discourages communal practices since they are against any form of individualism. Scholars, who applied their knowledge of philosophy and political ethics to create a basis for a society, developed Confucianism. In the broadest sense, a Daoist attitude toward life can be seen in the accepting and yielding, an attitude that offsets and complements the moral and duty-conscious character ascribed to Confucianism. Print. Diffen.com. Confucians used the term dao to speak of the way human beings ought to behave in society. The goal for everyone is to become one with the Dao. However, their approaches to the issue are sharply antagonistic. “Confucius and Lao Zi: Their Differing Social Foundations and Cultures.” Sino-Platonic Papers 33.4 (2001): 2-17. Brine, Rebecca. They believe that the way to follow the will of Heaven is not through action but inaction. On the other hand, Daoism encourages peace and respect for oneself. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Meditation is an important practice for Daoism, and is used to find solutions for problems, since every problem as its own unique solution. On the other hand, Daoism encourages spontaneous action. How does Confucianism and Daoism view women? This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy’s origin, and will reveal the main characteristics of each respected area. Taoism had relatively more global reach than Confucianism. Both are not only ways of living but, they are a way of life. Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day. Various aspects like their origins, their theories, dynasties and major focus will be discussed. June 17, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/differences-between-confucianism-and-daoism/. NAME DATE CLASS Guided Reading Activity Cont. Answer: Confucianism teaches how to act toward others; Daoism teaches how to act toward oneself and nature. Your privacy is extremely important to us. "Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism." It denounces any acquisitive moves made by the state or an individual. Both are not only ways of thinking, but ways of life. Art and skill are important aspects of practice of Daoism, particularly because it focuses on the enhancement of the individual. Other influential people such as Jesus of Nazareth did their teachings in a style similar to his. That is why Confucianism is purely an ethical system. Confucianism is a hierarchal philosophy where the government is highly regarded. Unlike Confucianism, however, Daoism eventually developed into a self-conscious religion, with an organized doctrine, cultic practices, and institutional leadership. Development of virtue (doing the right thing) is one’s chief task. We’ve spoken about how Confucianism and Taoism are complementary Chinese philosophies. Taoism (/ ˈ t aʊ-/), or Daoism (/ ˈ d aʊ ɪ z əm /, / ˈ d aʊ-/), is a philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (Chinese: 道; pinyin: Dào; lit. Like Confucianism, in Daoism the emphasis is on not boasting and "putting all your cards on the table," so to speak. A. Rituals are important in Confucianism although the system it does not qualify to be considered a religion. Taoism has many similarities with Buddhism. If humans are in tune with the Tao, their sufferings will cease. Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism. There is not enough proof over the matter, but that does not undermine the teachings of Taoism in any way. It encourages the use of least force to achieve any objective. This philosophical field includes religious teachings, spiritualism, physical wellbeing, and societal norms (Hu & Allen 4). The paper starts with differences: Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. While Confucianism is an ethical system, Daoism is spiritualism that is not built around any belief in a deity. Like Confucianism, stresses pacifism and sees war as waste and failure idea of humility relates to idea of hospitality and concern for others over self-concern in virtue of Chun Tzu. It is an ethical system, which that demands people sacrifice themselves for their society. They believed humans are born evil. Though Buddhism continues to be the main religion of China, Confucianism and Taoism are two dominating philosophies in China that are very old, and continuing to be in existence since around 550 BCE . Thus, the virtues of tradition and norms that are passed from one generation to another by ethical systems such as Confucianism are disruptive. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism are considered as East Asian religions. That is, all of them have their palpable impact in the region called East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau). Neither of the two can be describe as a religion. Daoists also thought it was possible to find a substance that would make them immortal (live forever). Daoism defines Confucianism as a distortion of human values. Confucianism became the orthodox ideology in feudal China and, in the long course of history, it drew on Taoism and Buddhism. Both began as philosophies, each later taking on religious overtones. “Taoism and Ink Brush Painting.” philosophy of Taoism 1.4 (2011): 1-10. Confucianism and Daoism present two complex realms of moral practice. Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by Confucius, a Chinese teacher, taught his followers various things about living in a society (Harwood 52). You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. Zen/Chan: differentiation of sudden and gradual schools 2. On the other hand, Chinese teachers developed Daoism much later during antiquity, at around 100 BC (Brine 3). Despite the different distinctive features in each of the philosophies, the two complemented each other and it was believed that for one to be considered complete: he/she had to measure up to the two philosophies. As a matter of fact, Dao means "Great Mother. " "Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism." The best way to think about Confucianism as a westerner is as Aristotelian Ethics or Virtue Ethics. In contrast, Daoism maintains that there is no universal practice for any discipline. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/differences-between-confucianism-and-daoism/. When Confucianism was developed, it considered maintenance of order in the society to be supreme. On the other hand, Daoism encourages use of minimum effort to achieve. All people are expected to conduct themselves properly through humility and obedience. why does the chart say two things about the original languages??????? On the other hand, Daoism encourages focus on individual development. (2019) 'Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism'. Confucianism does not qualify to be considered a religion since it is not a belief system. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2005. Today, this ideology forms the basis of the Chinese communist government, an authority much different from other communist setups. Thus, both Daoism and Confucianism are not religions. For this reason, it is not possible to form any kind or social order using Daoism. Taoism (also known as Daoism) is a Chinese philosophy attributed to Lao Tzu (c. 500 BCE) which contributed to the folk religion of the people primarily in the rural areas of China and became the official religion of the country under the Tang Dynasty.Taoism is therefore both a philosophy and a religion. How does Daoism compare with Confucianism? The relationship between a master and his followers is clearly defined. The core belief of Taoism is that there is a natural harmony between heaven and earth, which can be discovered by anyone. In contrast, Daoism encourages people to isolate themselves physically and spiritually to individual confines. When they created their first statement on Daoism and the environment 20 years ago, the Daoists traced four principles. In other words, dao, for them, was an ethical or moral way. -Daoism fell out of favour -Confucianism underwent a period of renewal -two schools of Buddhism that made a come back during this time: 1. Most Taoists respect and follow the Buddha's teachings. I am a westerner, so my answer is going to be simplistic. IvyPanda. Thus, in Daoism the difference between good and bad is ill defined. Daoists refrain from interfering with the natural order and don't have a set for of rules. "Differences Between Confucianism and Daoism." Taoism and Confucianism have lived together in China for well over 2,000 years. Structures such as the military are evil creations of acquisitive people according to Daoism (Hu & Allen 10). First 100 people to click on https://www.blinkist.com/philosophiesforlife will get a 7 day free trial. It does not have set of moral codes or society structures; this philosophy is more about finding the way of life through nature and universe around him. However, Confucius lived more than five hundred years before Jesus of Nazareth. On the other hand, the founders of Daoism were skilled in art (Jixu 9). While Confucianism and Daoism puts the onus on the individual to act in a certain manner both publicly and privately, Legalism puts the onus on the government to ensure that their people behave in certain ways. It is the responsibility of the citizens to expand their territory and acquire wealth for it. They devoted their energy to introspection, in hopes that they could better understand the … Basically, these three religions underscore living in harmony with nature and fellow humans. It does not integrate the individual into the social structure (Hu & Allen 3). They are not religions: they have no teaching of worship of gods, or the afterlife; each philosophy focuses on the individual and their behavior. Summary and Reflection. How does Daoism diverge from Confucianism? Whereas Daoism seeks harmony between the individual (or human) way and the natural order and tends to dismiss human society as artificial and constrained, Confucianism emphasizes the achievement of a kind of moral excellence (ren, or “humaneness”) that is cultivated and manifested by conscientious behaviour within social institutions such as the family, the school, the community, and the state. To inaugurate with, Confucianism is a theology that is named behind the teacher, Confucius. By the 12th century, Confucianism had evolved into a rigid philosophy that calls for preserving heavenly laws and repressing human desires. No distinctions between men and women, as both are seen as manifestations of the Tao. Daoism puts an emphasis on nature and the feminine qualities of nature. Confucius finds it sour, Buddha finds it bitter and Lao-tse finds it sweet. Thus, results are obtained trough minimum effort. Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). Unlike Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, in which these religions were developed in East Asia, Daoism and Confucianism grew mainly in China. What did the Legalists believe about human nature? Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. Confucianism was basic to every aspect of the way a person lived and aspired to live in traditional China. Depending on the religion held, usually Buddhist. According to Laozi, human society has to conform to the Dao (The Way), or the essential unifying element of all that is. Answer to: Does Taoism oppose Confucianism? They basically teach fillial piety and righteousness as key values that we should possess. Confucianism holds a belief that all humans can be molded through teaching to improve their conduct and productivity in the society (Harwood 54). Analects of Confucius and Mencius; I Ching; Doctrine of Mean, etc. “The Master said, To rule a country of a thousand chariots, there must be …love for men”. Similarly, the Confucians and Taoists begin from the common root of Chinese culture. Follow the Earth. Unlike in Confucianism, the role of women being passive and flexible comes natural and unforced. However, Confucius cautioned them against developing a baseless belief in a human deity. Instead of trying to find a solution to the apparent problem, Daoism encourages people to investigate the cause of a problem and remove it. These rules and responsibilities are to be observed by every member of the society regardless of rank or status. When they created their first statement on Daoism and the environment 20 years ago, the Daoists traced four principles. This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy’s origin, and will reveal the main characteristics of each respected area. They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. Jan1D Jan1D Hello there! Dao, a Chinese word, when translated to English literally means "the way" or "the path." Daoism is a philosophical field with a religious aspect. Daoism, indigenous religio-philosophical tradition that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2,000 years. Moreover, it does not support any form of hierarchal order in the society. Confucianism and Daoism The idea of the religion of Confucianism was developed by the Chinese philosopher Confucius. Confucianism teaches how to live one’s life in the world of men, while Taoism teaches how to cultivate oneself outside of the world of men. Taoism (a.k.a., Daoism) focuses on living harmoniously; this is where the concept of yin and yang originates. Taoist clergies are led by the daoshis, masters of the Tao, and followed by daojiaotus, followers of Taoism who also support the clergy, although it is not common. 17 June. What did legalists should have toward their subjects? Unlike in Confucianism, the role of women being passive and flexible comes natural and unforced. Taoists are neutral against other Dharmic religions. Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow, primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler and subject, wife and husband, older and younger sibling, friend and friend, and father and son. Basically, these three religions underscore living in harmony with nature and fellow humans. Print. Taoists consider hierarchal society to be a oppressive system built due to greed. Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). All actions should have an intrinsic motivation within the individual. Confucianism encourages achievement through tedious effort and force given that the activities carried out to achieve a certain feat are done according to a certain defined ethical procedure (Harwood 60). Web. Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism and Islam all begin with the Biblical foundation and then diverge over interpretation. C. How did the Legalists believe rulers should behave toward their subjects? That is, all of them have their palpable impact in the region called East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau). Some interpret Dao as Nature. The senior was to influence the senior, the son was to influence the son, awe. Confucianism was more philosophy than Daoism; Confucianism emphasized on honor, family, etc. Humans should respect those who are superior to them. What’s your deadline? 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